“Médée is presumably the oldest immigrant drama in the world”

The audience should feel that the action on stage has something to do with their own lives – says director Simon Stone, who is staging Luigi Cherubini’s Médée at the Großes Festspielhaus this Festival summer. Therefore, he is transplanting the opera, which was first performed in 1797, into the present time, into our present society, he explains at the Terrace Talk.

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Simon Stone and Thomas Hengelbrock. Photos: SF/Anne Zeuner

“It was very important to me to create spaces that correspond to the present and raise questions about this social drama.” – Why does a mother do something so unimaginable? – Is society blind to the fact that here is someone in need of help? – How does a person get to a state in which she can kill her own children?

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Simon Stone, Christian Arseni and Thomas Hengelbrock

Even though the opera dates to the 1790s, the conductor Thomas Hengelbrock calls it an extraordinarily modern and detail-rich score. The role of Médée has multiple facets, and from a psychological standpoint, she is a female figure of our times. “It is a long way from the loving but disappointed woman to a woman who begs the gods for the strength to do the worst possible thing to her husband,” says Thomas Hengelbrock. When Beethoven was asked whom he considered the most important composer of his time, his answer was: Cherubini. Thomas Hengelbrock explains that he had already wanted to do this extraordinary composer’s Médée 20 years ago, but there had never been an opportunity until now.

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Simon Stone and Thomas Hengelbrock

He believes that the piece never joined the mainstream repertoire because of the genre of the opéra comique. “There are very long spoken dialogues in this opera. You have to find a solution for these French alexandrines, you cannot simply translate them into other languages,” the conductor says. How the two intend so solve this problem, however, was not revealed during the conversation. “I do feel that the piece still has the potential to become part of the mainstream repertoire today,” Thomas Hengelbrock adds.


Médée 2019: Elena Stikhina (Médée), Pavel Černoch (Jason), Ensemble. Photos SF/Thomas Aurin

The term ‘revenge’ is often used to explain the murder, says dramaturge Christian Arseni, who moderated the Terrace Talk. He asked the director whether Médée is an outcast from society from the very beginning. – “Médée is presumably the oldest immigrant drama in the world,” says Simon Stone. “If you no longer have access to justice because you are living in exile, you might have a stronger sense that you yourself have to see justice done.” To be robbed of one’s rights is the worst thing that can happen to a person, he adds. His production is about supporting what Cherubini already expressed in his music. The audience should have the feeling that the spirit of the music is part of the staging, and vice versa. Just how much the music already conveys is illustrated by the two duets of Médée and Jason. “The first duet is full of strength, full of accusations and anger,” Simon Stone explains. Cherubini interpolates another scene before the two continue their conversation in the second duet. This second one is full of love and passion. “It feels as if a couple is meeting again for coffee to talk about everything. Very modern,” says Simon Stone. Except that the farewells develop from a state of loving into a curse.


Médée 2019: Elena Stikhina (Médée)

The conductor agrees with him: “Cherubini’s music takes the spoken word and its meaning and transforms them into immediate musical form.” This is some of the hardest music to play, and he considers himself very lucky to be able to work on it with the Vienna Philharmonic. “It was wonderful to see the musicians delving into this work, which was unknown to them,” he reports. The work is performed in the French original, but for the first time using a new version which takes into account Cherubini’s later changes to the orchestration and is more suitable to the Großes Festspielhaus.


This is Simon Stone’s third opera production, as he primarily works in spoken theatre and film. “Those are three different art forms which only resemble each other superficially,” Simon Stone explains. In spoken theatre and film, he can sidestep problems, making cuts or rewriting. He describes this as liberating, yet burdensome at the same time. In opera, this is not possible; here he is forced to deal with a given framework and always find a solution. A solution that also includes the conductor. During the rehearsal process, many problems were discussed; now the team has reached the orchestra rehearsals: “And suddenly, there is a world there,” says Stone. (After Press materials)


Médée 2019: Elena Stikhina (Médée), Pavel Černoch (Jason)

Luigi Cherubini (1760 – 1842)


Opéra in three acts (1797)

Libretto by François-Benoît Hoffman
based on the tragedies Medea by Euripides and Médée by Pierre Corneille

Thomas Hengelbrock Conductor

Simon Stone Director

Bob Cousins Stage Sets

Mel Page Costumes

Nick Schlieper Lighting

Christian Arseni Dramaturgy

Elena Stikhina Médée

Pavel Černoch Jason

Vitalij Kowaljow Créon

Rosa Feola Dircé

Alisa Kolosova Néris

Tamara Bounazou Première Femme/YSP Participant

Marie-Andrée Bouchard-Lesieur Deuxième Femme/YSP Participant

Concert Association of the Vienna State Opera Chorus

Ernst Raffelsberger Chorus Master

Vienna Philharmonic

Marijan Zlobec

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